1 March 2018

Have you ever faced difficulty in accessing basic early child care, education & health services to your children if you had migrated within India?

Have you ever faced difficulty in accessing government entitlements if you had migrated within India?

We at Aide et Action ask you to take a minute to think of what such problems internal migrants are facing in our cities of India.

According to census 2011 internal migrants in India constitute a large population with 309 million internal migrants.  The internal migrants, especially seasonal and circular migrants, constitute a “floating” population, as they alternate between living at their source and destination locations, and in turn lose access to social protection benefits linked to the place of residence.

Migrants are looked upon as ‘outsiders’ by the local host administration, and as a burden on systems and resources at the destination. These migrants, mostly working in brick kilns and construction sites, live in a pathetic condition devoid of basic services.  Their children do not have access to Early Child Care and Education and basic health services and live in vulnerable and deplorable surroundings.

Women migrants, apart from discrimination, encountering difficulties peculiar to migrants, face gender-based violence; physical, sexual or psychological abuse, exploitation, and trafficking. In particular, women migrants’ economic contribution at the destination remains unacknowledged, despite the fact that they shoulder the double burden of livelihood (often engaged as unregistered, unpaid and therefore invisible workers) and household work, in the absence of traditional family-based support systems.

Over the years, our interventions focusing internal migrants, have been successful in bringing positive transformation among the local administration, facility owners and government functionaries. The children are now able to access early child care services within the facilities through the Child Care & Learning Centres run by us. These centres have also indirectly empowered the women, through the mothers and adolescent girls committees, to know their basic rights, health and hygiene and so on.

They now actively take part in the holistic development process of their children and also have become capable of standing for their rights and entitlements. 


  • There are 454 million migrants in India. Among these 400 million are internal migrants. 
  • Estimates of short-term migrants vary from 15 million (NSSO 2007–2008) to 100 million out of which nearly 50 % are women
  • Worksites like Brick kilns and construction sites employ the largest migrant households
  • The worksites  have awful living conditions with 80-90 percent of the migrant population including children living in huts.
  • Sanitation in the worksite is appalling as 94% households had no sewerage system while 77.3 have no option but to practice open defecation increasing the chance of physical assault and rape.
  • 90% of the worksites do not have Anganwadi facilities in the worksites forcing the children to spend time in vulnerable surroundings while their mothers go to work.
  • 86% do not have immunization cards.
  • About 80 % school going children  do not access primary education at the destination.
  • Domestic violence is persistent
  • Majority of women and adolescent girls  do not follow safe hygiene and sanitation practices

At Aide et Action we are touched by this to a great extent and are launching #MIGRANTWOMANWORKER.

The #MIGRANTWOMANWORKER campaign is a one month campaign specific to migrant women and girl children. The campaign aims to provide a platform to showcase the transformation taking place in their lives, both at destination and source, through the intervention of Aide et Action.  The campaign will showcase the stories of change among the internal migrant women and girl children who are otherwise invisible.


 You can be part of this campaign by

  • Donate for the cause of education of migrant population
  • You can also volunteer to teach art, craft, math, yoga, and more.
  • Click a  selfie with books in hand and post on our facebook page with the #iSupport #MIGRANTWOMANWORKER.

On the same theme :


Worst ever floods in Bihar affect education of children

Bihar is reeling under the worst ever floods since the past few days. Latest reports indicate that 36 people lost their lives and the Indian Meteorological Department has retained 'red colour' warning of heavy to very heavy rainfall in the state in the coming days.

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India – Large floods threaten the schooling of more than 1,000 children

Assam State, located in northeastern India, is currently experiencing severe flooding. Lakhimpur and Biswanath districts, where Aide et Action is currently running education projects, have been hit badly with over 6,000 people, including more than 1,000 children, now affected. Our on-site teams are assessing the situation in these areas and planning how to best deploy emergency assistance as soon as possible.

Read more


Hi5 For Education

issues of migrant children Aide et Action organized a regional consultation in collaboration with Odisha State Commission for Protection of Child Rights (OSCPCR at Balangir to influence Odisha state draft policy on migration to include the issue of migrant children.

Read more